Aisha: The Wife, the Companion, the Scholar

ISBN: 9781597842662 Category:

This book portrays one of the most significant personalities in the history of Islam. Taking the misunderstandings and defamation about her into consideration, Aisha needs to be understood correctly.


This study by Dr. Resit Haylamaz, an expert on the life of the Prophet and his leading Companions, reflects her life in various aspects based on reliable reports. The book clarifies her critical role at establishing the Islamic teaching, with particular reference to her role in the transmission of private matters concerning women and marital relations, as well as recording the authentic sayings of the Prophet. As her sensitivity at practicing religion is related in a rich variety of examples, much disputed issues like her marriage age and her stance about Ali ibn Abu Talib are covered as separate topics.


First ten pages (click to see)

PREFACE

Khadija and Aisha had a special position among the wives of
God’s Messenger; while the former was like the royal vizier
in Mecca for fifteen years before the revelation, the latter fulfilled
the same duty during the Medina years and later on. When they
are considered in terms of the mission that they performed, each of
them had the proper qualifications. God Almighty provided the Messenger
of God with a strong character: in Mecca where belief, self-sacrifice
and bravery were so necessary, He gave him Khadija; in Medina
where the requirements of knowledge, intelligence and reasoning were
felt, He bestowed him Aisha.

Certainly, Khadija was the sturdiest woman of Mecca. She provided
unyielding support to God’s Messenger during the hardest days
when troubles were at peak, during his days of suffering when there
were problems and disasters one after the other. When he began to call
people to Islam, she was his greatest supporter, both materially and
spiritually. Khadija was the first Muslim; believing in God’s Messenger
at a vital moment when he needed her most meant a special place at
the side of God and His Messenger.

Aisha’s place was different; she was a special vizier to the Messenger
of God after the hijrah to Medina, when it was necessary to render
service to religion. Aisha, with a bright, inquisitive mind and a quick
wit, distinguished herself in the Prophet’s house. God Almighty
bestowed her with extraordinary brilliance. She had a questioning
nature, and did not blindly accept what she heard.She was critical of
everything she heard, according to the criteria of the Qur’an and
behavior of the Prophet (the Sunna). Her ear was on the alert for revelation
and her eyes were on the result. Aisha was like a bridge between
the time of the Prophet and the future of Islam.

Aisha: the Wife, the Companion, the Scholar
Aisha represented the vitality of revelation during the half-century
after the death of God’s Messenger, and did not deprive her students
of the light of Prophethood. Like a meeting point for travelers from
different directions, her place was by the Four Rightful Caliphs. When
possible controversies arose, Aisha was a kind arbitrator. For mistakes
on religious issues that emerged, she was a dignified corrector, and a
decisive and patient example of the straight path of Islam.

Wherever she went, that place would come to life. People who
entered into her ambience felt that they became colored with the light
of revelation and returned in excitement and vividity, almost as if they
had visited the Messenger of God. There was no one who came to her
with a question but was unable to get an answer for it. She concluded
nearly every matter with revelation, and found solutions to others’
problems directly from the Qur’an and the Sunna. In other matters,
she evaluated, compared and interpreted based on her own vast knowledge
of the religion.

Aisha was the mother of all believers.Among the things that
passed onto us from her, there was certain information that would
normally remain private between spouses. Out of necessity, she
appeared to convey details of the religion. Many matters would have
remained unknown to us if she had not existed. Behind closed doors
she asked the most intimate questions to God’s Messenger, as if she
was throwing a life ring to us. Aisha is reinviting people of conscience
to the Straight Path of Islam. Hoping that this book in your hands,
like an invitation, will be the means for good deeds…


Table of Content

Contents
Preface ……………………………………………………………………………………………. vii
Betrothal …………………………………………………………………………………………..1
Mecca Memoirs ………………………………………………………………………………….2
The Marriage Offer ……………………………………………………………………………..2
First Stop ………………………………………………………………………………………….3
Second Address ………………………………………………………………………………….4
The Advice Given to Umm Ruman ……………………………………………………….5
The Holy Migration ……………………………………………………………………………5
Hijrah ……………………………………………………………………………………………….8
The Medina Pestilence ……………………………………………………………………….10
The Marriage ……………………………………………………………………………………12
Her Father’s Attitude after the Wedding ……………………………………………….15
The Physical Conditions of Aisha’s House …………………………………………….16
Enduring Austerity ……………………………………………………………………………22
Women’s Representative ……………………………………………………………………24
Her Love for the Messenger of God …………………………………………………….36
The Prophet’s Love……………………………………………………………………………42
The Real Reason for This Love …………………………………………………………..47
Aisha Inside the Home ………………………………………………………………………50
Entertainment …………………………………………………………………………………..58
Competition …………………………………………………………………………………….59
Request for a New Name ………………………………………………………………….60
Sensitivity ………………………………………………………………………………………..62
Her Worship ……………………………………………………………………………………63
Her Asceticism and Humility ………………………………………………………………68
Her Generosity …………………………………………………………………………………75
Her Attention to Hijab ……………………………………………………………………………78
Guiding Others and Conveying the Message ………………………………………….81
Aisha’s Attendance to Military Campaigns …………………………………………….82
Performing Ablution with Sand or Earth ………………………………………………83
The Slander ……………………………………………………………………………………..85
The Sickness of Aisha ………………………………………………………………………..90
vi Aisha: the Wife, the Companion, the Scholar
The Companions’ Reaction and Belief ………………………………………………….92
The Good News ……………………………………………………………………………….96
The Wives of God’s Messenger and Aisha ……………………………………………100
Khadija ……………………………………………………………………………………..101
Other Wives of God’s Messenger ……………………………………………………104
Aisha’s Status ……………………………………………………………………………..105
The Prohibition (Tahrim) …………………………………………………………………115
Aisha and Fatima ……………………………………………………………………………117
The Last Days with the Messenger of God …………………………………………..120
The Era of the Four Rightly Guided Caliphs and Muawiya …………………….127
The Caliphate of Abu Bakr ……………………………………………………………….129
The Caliphate of Umar ……………………………………………………………………133
The Caliphate of Uthman ………………………………………………………………..137
The Caliphate of Ali ………………………………………………………………………..143
Muslims’ Test with Their Brothers: the Battle of the Camel ……………………146
The Caliphate of Muawiya ………………………………………………………………..155
Aisha and Knowledge ………………………………………………………………………161
Aisha was the Source of Knowledge for Everyone …………………………….161
Aisha and Transmission of Knowledge ……………………………………………165
Interpretation (Tafsir) ………………………………………………………………….168
Hadith ………………………………………………………………………………………171
Fiqh: Muslim Canonical Jurisprudence …………………………………………….176
Islamic Theology (Kalam) …………………………………………………………….179
Aisha’s Literary Skills …………………………………………………………………..181
Poetry and Oratory ……………………………………………………………………..184
Medicine ……………………………………………………………………………………189
Her Students ………………………………………………………………………………190
Urwa Ibn Zubayr …………………………………………………………………….193
Qasim Ibn Muhammad …………………………………………………………….195
Amra Bint Abdurrahman ………………………………………………………….197
Muaza al-Adawiyah ………………………………………………………………….199
At What Age did Aisha Marry the Prophet? …………………………………….200
Ali and Aisha………………………………………………………………………………210
Bibliography …………………………………………………………………………………..217



About Author

Resit Haylamaz

Dr. Haylamaz is the editor-in-chief of Kaynak Publishing Group in Istanbul. He has many publications on the lives of Prophet Muhammad and His leading Companions. His Gonul Tahtimizin Essiz Sultani Efendimiz is the best-selling biography of Prophet Muhammad in his native Turkish.

Email : info@tughrabooks.com

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Format

ISBN

9781597842662

ISBN Ebook

9781597846554

Pages

224

Publication date

2012-05-16

Publisher

Size

6×9 inches

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