Tradition Witnessing the Modern Age

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Product ID: 2621 Categories: ,
AUTHOR     :Mehmet Enes Ergene

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An analysis of the Gulen Movement


Addressing the sociological, cultural, and religious aspects of the Gulen movement, this insider’s look also explores the failure experienced by many other Islamic movements that attempted to combine traditional values with the modern world. The influence Fethullah Gulen has had on secularist Turkey is also examined.



Table of Content

Introduction …………………………………………………………………………………..vii

Chapter One: M. Fethullah Gülen and His Mission ………………….. 1
The cultural foundations of tolerance and dialogue ………………………….. 3
Who is M. Fet hul lah Gü len? ………………………………………………………… 6
The oratory tradition ………………………………………………………………… 10
First steps toward dialogue and reconciliation ………………………………. 14
The Journalists and Writers Foundation ………………………………………. 15
The Gülen movement and Islam …………………………………………………. 16
Is the Gülen movement a religious order? …………………………………… 18
The Gülen movement, dialogue, and tolerance ……………………………… 19

Chapter Two: Sociological Perspective …………………………………….. 23
The concept of community and formation of communities ……………. 25
Community formation: Identity crisis and threat ………………………….. 27
The concept of identity crisis …………………………………………………….. 29
Political Islam or the concept of Islamism …………………………………… 32
A movement that produces its own values …………………………………… 40
The emphasis on the Age of Happiness ………………………………………. 42
Inner dynamics ………………………………………………………………………… 43
Community and socialization ……………………………………………………. 45
The Gülen movement as a catalyst ………………………………………………. 47

Chapter Three: Cultural Perspective …………………………………………. 49
Basic characteristics of the Western science and thought …………………. 51
a. Rationalism and objectivity—the universalistic dimension ………….. 53
b. Positivism and progress ………………………………………………………… 55
c. Politics and ideology—science, power, and state ………………………. 58
d. Religion and metaphysics ……………………………………………………… 60
Gülen’s views on the Western science and thought ………………………… 63
a. The relationship between science and determinism …………………… 71
b. Religion, science, and ideology ……………………………………………… 73
c. Reason, science, and culture ………………………………………………….. 77
d. Revelation, reason, and experience …………………………………………. 80
The basis of dialogue and tolerance in Gülen’s world ……………………… 84
a. The synthesis of Islam and the Turkish approach ……………………… 84
b. Human being, religion, and action …………………………………………. 88
c. The Journalists and Writers Foundation and the Abant Platform ………..92
d. Dialogue, tolerance, and modernity ……………………………………….. 94
Education in general …………………………………………………………………. 96
a. Revival in the spirit and in the essence ……………………………………. 96
b. Revivification in history and future ………………………………………. 102
c. Renewal, revival, and renaissance …………………………………………. 106
d. History in Gülen’s thought …………………………………………………. 113
Education and schooling ………………………………………………………….. 115
a. The madrasa (religious school) vs. the maktab (secular school)………….115
b. The madrasa and change …………………………………………………….. 119
c. Gülen from madrasa to “college”………………………………………….. 120
The contribution to the Turkish education system ……………………….. 124
The colleges and dialogue between civilizations …………………………… 129
Teachers of wisdom, knowledge of God, and dialogue …………………. 131

Chapter Four: Religious Perspective ………………………………………. 143
Islamic origins of community …………………………………………………… 145
Gülen’s perception of community …………………………………………….. 149
The spiritual life in Islam …………………………………………………………. 153
a. Sufism, spiritual orders, and community ……………………………….. 153
b. Sufism in Gülen’s thought …………………………………………………… 158
Community and the concept of “collective personality” ………………… 162
Basic dynamics of the Movement ………………………………………………. 167
a. Magnanimity …………………………………………………………………….. 170
b. Communicating the word of God (call, conveyance,
and guidance) …………………………………………………………………… 171
c. Living for others ……………………………………………………………….. 171
d. The spirit of devotion ………………………………………………………… 175
e. Sacrifice, fidelity, and loyalty ………………………………………………. 179
f. Representing and communicating the faith ……………………………. 181
Concluding remarks …………………………………………………………………….. 187

Notes ………………………………………………………………………………………… 189
Bibliography ……………………………………………………………………………….. 199
Index …………………………………………………………………………………………. 203

Mehmet Enes Ergene

Mehmet Enes Ergene is an expert on Islamic jurisprudence, Sufism, and the Gulen Movement. He is a staff writer for Academic Research Foundation in Istanbul.

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Format

ISBN Hardcover

9781597841283

ISBN Ebook

9781597846424

Pages

260

Publication date

2012-12-12

Publisher

Size

6 x 9 inches

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